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Intitulé du cours: Domestic/International Tribunals and Armed Conflicts

Enseignant(s): Hélène Tigroudja, Professeure, Aix-Marseille Université

Type d’enseignement: interactive course

Semestre: second semester

Nombre d’heures de cours: 12 hrs

Langue principale: English (and French for some documents)




International public law/international human rights law/international humanitarian law


Description of the course:

The course is divided on two Parts. The first Part is dedicated to the analysis of major cases before International Tribunals focusing on armed conflicts, methods of war, nuclear weapons, obligations of occupying power and belligerents, protection of civilian population and so forth. The second Part of the course will be based on conversation on specific issues prepared and briefly presented by the students.


NB. Due to the special type of the course, the number of available places is restricted to 20 persons.




Part 1 (7hrs): Legal Materials and international judicial practice



  1. Before the International Court of Justice:
    - Advisory Opinion on Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons (1996)
    - Judgment on Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v. Italy: Greece intervening) (2012)

  2. Before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights:
    - Decision on Interstate petition, Democratic Republic of Congo v. Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda (2003)

  3. Before the European Court of Human Rights:
    - Isayeva, Youssoupova and others v. Russia, 24 February 2005

    - Finogenov and others v. Russia, 20 December 2011

  4. Before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights:
    - Massacres of El Mozote and nearby places v. El Salvador, 25 October 2012

Part 2 (5hrs): Individual/collective work on the following topics*


- Reflections on the role of the Judiciary in war-related issues

- The US Supreme Court and hostilities

- Judicial Review of Methods of Combat: example of the Israeli Supreme Court

- Should the UN Security Council be replaced/controlled by the International Court of Justice when dealing with peace and security matters?

- Transitional Justice versus judicial courts in post-conflict situation


*Students are requested to choose a topic and to prepare (individually or in group) a short presentation of the main challenges (10’). The conversation will be based on this presentation.



Students are evaluated on the basis of the short oral presentation of one of the topic above-listed and their active participation during the sessions.

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